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Golf irons are your most difficult yet closest mates from your golf bag. Including the wedges, the irons make up almost 10 of your 14 golf club-set.  As formidable as they are, you need to conquer the use of golf irons to up your ante on the course. And you need the right set of irons by you to win. We designed a comprehensive guide for the beginners on how to choose golf irons wisely.

The Irons you need

Golf irons are available from 1 to 9, Pitching Wedge and Sand Wedge included in some sets. The 1-iron and 2-iron are difficult to hit for a beginner, so they are swapped for hybrids. The most common iron sets today range from 3-iron to Pitching Wedge and sometimes Sand Wedge. Lately the 3- and 4-irons are also being replaced by hybrids.

The rule of thumb in using an iron is:

The lower the iron, the lower the loft and the furthest the ball will travel.

The 3-iron has a loft of around 20° while the Pitching Wedge has a max loft of 50°. Sand Wedge goes as high as 56°. A low loft sends the ball in a low trajectory which is harder to control because of high spin. Thus, irons get progressively harder to hit from 9-iron to 3-iron. But 3-iron will cover the greatest distance. The 4-, 5-, 6-, 7-irons fill in at a yardage gap of 12-15 yards each. You can refer more articles at about the best golf iron sets for beginners.

Forged or Cast?

Forged irons go back as far as the game itself where every blacksmith worked on his design like he was designing a new sword for his King. Here the club is forged into a rough shape and then hammered into the correct shape.  This has a small sweet spot and a different feel from the cast irons which the pro golfers use to their advantage.

Cast irons are made by pouring iron into a pre-selected cast.  They can be mass-produced and are hence cheaper. Casting also allows the modern manufacturers to design iron-heads with a larger sweet spot and are preferable for the beginners. You also refer more articles about this at

Iron Design

The design of golf irons makes a huge difference to your golfing experience. Based on your comfort, you should make an informed choice between blade and cavity back irons.

Blade irons have a full muscle/back design where the area behind the hitting area is evenly weighted with a small sweet spot in the center. The advantage is that this spot offers better feedback and control over the shape of the shot compared to the other design. Blade irons are best suited for the pro players who can connect the ball to the small sweet spot every time.

Cavity back irons, also called perimeter-weighted irons have a hollowed out back with weight distributed against the perimeter. Here the sweet spot is somewhat larger and the surrounding areas offer more forgiveness to the accuracy of the shot. This way even if the ball doesn’t hit the center of the club head, it can still fly straight. Cavity back golf irons are best for beginners.

Steel or Graphite Shaft?

Steel shafts have traditionally offered consistent behavior with good feedback when you hit the shot. The pro golfers still prefer golf irons with steel shafts. Steel does not twist as much as graphite. The low torque offers better control in the mind of the professionals.

Graphite shafts are lighter and hence easier to swing at high speed. So beginners benefit from them in terms of carrying distance of the shot. They are more expensive than the steel shafts but the success they offer to a novice golfer is worth it. The higher torque of graphite shafts can cause your shot distance to very occasionally but it’s heartening to learn the ropes of golf with graphite-shafted irons.

Loft and Lie

The lie is the angle between the shaft and the ground level. As a general rule, short golfers should go for flatter lies and tall golfers need upright lies.

The loft of the golf irons should vary by 4° per iron through 3-iron to PW for 12-15 yard progression in shot distance per iron.

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